I recently received an email from a junior high teacher who was looking for some support as she began her unit of study on biographies. She wrote that she was “looking to push this biographical piece to be heartfelt.” She wanted her students to think about “why we remember these people” and to “engage in research that goes beyond the computer.”
I immediately thought of an article I had recently read in the Winter 2013-2014 edition of the Illinois Reading Council Journal, titled “Biographies in Focus: A Framework for Supporting Biographical Writing in the Classroom (written by Donna E. Werderich, Alice B. McGinty, and Barb Rosenstock). The authors of the article outlined several ways that students might focus their biographical writing:
- focus on an object or item that was important to the person and illustrates their life in some essential way
- focus on a special event that had wide reaching implications for that person’s life
- focus on their relationship with another person
- focus on an interest or important hobby that contributed to that person’s accomplishments
- focus on an essential character trait that defines that person
So, in an effort to help the students think about these different approaches, the classroom teacher and I will first arm ourselves with mentor texts which illustrate each approach.
Night Flight: Amelia Earhart Crosses the Atlantic by Robert Burleigh is a biographical book about Amelia Earhart which focuses only on one special event, her flight across the Atlantic Ocean. It is written like a narrative and begins, “From high in the cockpit, a woman gazes down. It is exactly 7:12 p.m. The sunset ripples over the rough-hewn airfield. Good-bye, my friends, good-bye!”
The Watcher: Jane Goodall’s Life with the Chimps by Jeanette Winter tells about the life of Jane Goodall. The short picture book focuses on Jane’s defining character traits of keen observation and love for animals.
Thomas Jefferson Builds a Library by Barb Rosenstock is an interesting biographical account of Thomas Jefferson, focusing only an important hobby – his love for reading. The book tells the story of how this hobby led to the creation of the Library of Congress.
Annie and Helen by Deborah Hopkinson and Raul Colon is a biographical account of Helen Keller, told through her relationship with her teacher, Annie. It is told through both a narrative structure and Annie’s original letters.
After the students have had a chance to enjoy these books and dig in to the different approaches, they can begin thinking about which approach would work best for their chosen person. I am thinking an entry in their writer’s notebooks will help them work through these options:
Looking at my quick entry about Muhammad Ali, I am considering two options. I could write about his life as a boxer, focusing on the object of his boxing gloves. Perhaps I might write about his life in a narrative form, with the gloves becoming more worn and faded as the narrative progresses. The second option I am considering is to focus on the character trait of having strong beliefs. Perhaps I might write less about his boxing life and more about his beliefs in religious freedom and racial justice.
I hope this process of using mentor texts and a notebook entry to narrow the focus will help meet the teacher’s goal of biographies that have a little heart.