Creating Classroom Environments Blog Series · partnerships

Creating Classroom Environments: Making Space for Partnerships

Classroom Environments Blog Series - #TWTBlog



When getting a writing workshop up and running, it seems there are a million things to do, and all of them seem crucial. There are the routines for getting students from their work spots into the meeting area and back again quickly. There are the tools – the notebooks, folders, and writing center materials. There are the charts that will support choice and independence right away.

Establishing writing partners often seems like something that can come later, when students are settled into a routine. Certainly, you could make the choice to wait to set up writing partners. But assigning students a partner right at the first writing workshop of the year sends a message that working with a partner is an integral part of writing, not an add-on. Additionally, it helps to encourage independence early on, because partners learn quickly to turn to each other rather than becoming stymied while waiting for a conference with a teacher.

This year, you might try setting up writing partnerships even before the students enter the room for the first time. If you are looping with your students, or you teach in a multi-age classroom to which many students are returning, you’ll have a great sense of who will work well together. If most or all of your students are new to you, consider asking the teacher(s) of the grade below to work with you to put partners together. If none of these are possible, it won’t be the end of the world to place partners together at random, and to change any that aren’t working as needed.

Some tips for establishing writing partners:

  • Partners do not need to be ability-based. Pairing a stronger writer with a more reluctant writer provides the reluctant writer a good model, and provides the strong writer a chance to solidify skills and strategies by explaining them to someone.
  • Consider personality. For example, confident, talkative students can draw out timid ones, provided the talkative students aren’t too dominating. Also, though there certainly is a time and a place for teaching students to work well with anyone, avoid placing students together whose personality conflicts will distract from the writing work.
  • Form triads for ELLs or students far below level. Placing an English Language Learner with two proficient speakers of English gives the English Language Learner the opportunity to listen in for a model of partner talk.


Having a simple chart right posted on day one with the names of each partnership will emphasize that working with a writing partner is something that will begin right away.

Plan to add another chart at some point in the first week with some tips to aid partner work. For example:

Questions Writing Partners Can Ask Each Other 

  • What’s going really well for you in your writing?
  • What isn’t going so well?
  • What was the big work as a writer you are trying to do?
  • How’s it going?
  • Are there any tools you can use to help you, like mentor texts, the word wall, or any charts in the room?
  • What new work are you trying?
  • How are you getting better as a writer?

Meeting Area Spots

Plan to channel partners to sit next to each other in the meeting area right from the start. Assign each partnership a spot before the students arrive, and ensure that everyone will be sitting where they can see and hear you clearly. So that students can find their spots right away when you first ask them to join you in the meeting area, you might create simple name cards out of index cards or cardstock and place them on the spots where you’d like each student to sit.

To help get turning and talking going in your minilessons without a hitch, assign a Partner A and a Partner B in each partnership. You might write A or B on each student’s name card, or color code the cards so each student knows his or her role.

A Place to Meet 

Partners don’t necessarily need to sit next to each other when they head off to write independently. But, they should have a sense that they can go to their partner for help as they are writing if needed. Imagine the independence students would feel if they knew they could enlist a partner for help as a first step rather than a teacher when stuck. And imagine how liberated you would feel if you didn’t have a line of stuck student writers forming behind you!

Depending on the space in your classroom, set up a corner where at least one partnership, if not several, can meet as needed during the writing workshop.  Place it as far as possible from writers who might be disturbed by voices, and teach your writers to keep their talking as low as possible as they are conferring with each other.  Be sure that any charts you have to support partner work are visible from this area.

You might want to set a time limit on partner conversations. Place a timer in the partner meeting area and ask them to set it for no more than about five minutes to ensure that partner conversations don’t take too much time away from writing.

Happy start to the school year! We look forward to your thoughts, ideas, and suggestions in the comments sections of our posts this week. And be sure to mark your calendar to join us on Monday, August 10th, at 8:30pm EDT as we meet on Twitter to chat about classroom environments. #TWTBlog. See you there!

Let’s chat on Monday, August 10th at 8:30 p.m. EDT, when the eight of us host a Twitter Chat about classroom environments.  Just search and tag #TWTBlog to participate.
Let’s chat on Monday, August 10th at 8:30 p.m. EDT, when the eight of us host a Twitter Chat about classroom environments. Just search and tag #TWTBlog to participate.


6 thoughts on “Creating Classroom Environments: Making Space for Partnerships

  1. Anna,
    I love the idea of introducing partners on day one. What a great way to get to know our new friends than to tell them our story! I also agree with your point about demonstrating the importance of writing partners by starting them on day one!



  2. Thank you so much for writing this blog post! I will probably be teaching first grade this year and I want to start the year out right – I have used writing partners before – in my Y5 classroom but did not start it right away. This time I’ll partner kids up from the get go. I also love the suggestion for triads for EL’s and those who are much more dependant/developmental. Reading the comments to your blog post has also been very instructional – great convo here re using partnerships in K and I believe I can extend those suggestions into first as well. Thank you all!


  3. Thanks for this timely post! I’ve used partnerships in workshop in kindergarten for several years. But I haven’t ever started it for writing workshop on day one. Reading, yes. Math, yes. But it has never occurred to me for writing. I’m not sure why, either. I always stress to my first day friends how much their pictures tell their stories. I know I’ll be starting partnerships right away this year! But,
    do you have any specific suggestions for kindergarten teachers especially in how to approach this?


    1. I taught kindergarten for 10 years before moving to 3rd. Kindergarten is a bit of a horse of a different color in my opinion. I think they need a lot of practice just learning how to talk to a friend about their writing. For kindergarten, I would do a lot of modeling about how I talk to a friend about my idea for what I will write about. Lots of practice of sitting knee to knee and eye to eye and teaching them how to decide who talks first (like Anna said, assigning each partner a role. I would do colors for K since some might not know their letters. The blue buddy talks first while the red buddy listens…) Storytelling partners is a good idea for early in the year too when they need practice saying their idea orally before they go to write. Everyone is different, but for me, I would take some time to get to know the students and let them practice working with lots of different children before I gave them their official writing partner. Would love to hear what other kindergarten teachers suggest!


  4. This was really helpful to read as I am considering my partnerships this year. Last week, I participated in a literacy workshop (#LiLit15) where I spent two of the days discussing writing partnerships and writing clubs. I am recommitting to being more purposeful with my writing partnerships this year and seeing them as more central to the workshop rather than just an add-on! Great post to start our week, Anna.


  5. Good, useful ideas here. As a former ESL teacher, I especially like the suggestion of putting ELLs into triads, but I do suggest that there be an understanding that the non-ELLs must also dialogue with the ELL! This may seem obvious to the teacher, but not to the students.


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