A brave colleague of mine is embarking on a unit of writing in historical fiction. She has never taught this genre before, and her sixth grade students have never written in this genre before. One of the potential obstacles she is anticipating is the subtle art of blending historical fact into a fictional story. We know writers of historical fiction pay attention to period detail, but how do they weave that detail into the story? What scaffolds can we provide to support the kids’ writing as they work to weave together history and story? What kind of work could they do in their writer’s notebooks?
To start, I looked at a couple of mentor texts. First, I read The Patchwork Path: A Quilt Map to Freedom by Bettye Stroud. In this story about a family who escapes from slavery via the Underground Railroad, I noticed Bettye uses time period specific vocabulary (slave, plantation, Master, safe house). Using a specific vocabulary set is one way to weave detail into a story. I imagine the sixth graders could keep a running Word List in their writer’s notebooks, recording specific vocabulary as they learn about their historical period. To try this entry, I chose the historical period of Westward Expansion as the setting for my story. I watched a CrashCourse video and read a short piece from Oklahoma’s Historical Society. This is the word list I generated in my writer’s notebook so far as I learned about the time period:
I think these words can help add historical detail to my writing. I know I will use words such as settlement, plains, or homesteading in my story.
For my next mentor text, I used Cheyenne Again by Eve Bunting. In this picture book about a young Indian boy who is removed from his reservation and forced to attend a boarding school, I noticed Eve describes the physical characteristics of the characters. For example, she writes, “He wears the hat and spurs, the gleaming silver badge, that mark his work.” I would encourage students to examine some pictures of their chosen time period and notice the details. Students could use character details to weave historical fact into their story. To try this in my writer’s notebook, I printed some images of Westward Expansion that I found on Google, and I wrote my noticings in my notebook:
I think this entry will help me add character details when I begin drafting my story. I now envision that the women in my story will be wearing long skirts, their hair tied high in a bun. I know one of my characters will be pushing a baby stroller over that hard, bumpy, uneven ground!
These are just two ways students can weave historical detail into their story: using time period specific vocabulary and describing character details.
Literacy Coach, Reader, Writer