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Paragraphs — Part II

Paragraph Chart Compiled by the Two Writing Teacher Community.

I took your wise words and put them together in a chart. It’s hanging in my office because I love how it is a reminder of the power of collaboration. It also restores my faith in our ability to teach conventions through writing workshop. I love (and I mean lovelovelove) that no one offered a sentence number as a means of knowing when to start a new paragraph. I’m sure we’ve all met our share of students who count sentences and then start a new paragraph. Ugh.

As many of you know, I’m a big believer in the power of art. I’m working to create charts with a strong visual presence with the intent of helping students retain their learning through the visual stores in their brains. Creating this chart reaffirmed to me the importance of first collecting ideas and then organizing them on a chart. If you’d like a copy of our TWT community paragraph chart, you can download it by clicking here. Then print it on a legal size sheet of paper.

So my thoughts on paragraphing…

As Liza Lee Miller said in the comments, “It is an art.” I’ve been paying close attention to my own work with paragraphs and I’ve realized it is truly more art then science. Tara’s comparison resonated with me — knowing where a paragraph starts is like knowing when to shift the gears of a manual transmission. There is an element of “feeling” the paragraph shift while writing. Of course there are the nonnegotiables: new speaker, new time, new setting, new idea. These just aren’t enough, though. There are many other times when a new paragraph begins. Outside of school assignments, I’ve never made a paragraph shift based on the number of sentences.

In addition, I find it unrealistic to set paragraph limits for different genres. For instance, who’s to say how many paragraphs will make up a short story? It depends on dialogue, setting changes, and lines that need emphasized. Instead of thinking in paragraphs, I’ve shifted my thinking to considering parts. It is realistic to say  a short story for a seventh grade writer will have 4-6 scenes. Paragraphs? I’m not even going to try to touch that.

Sometimes I think teachers set sentence limits and paragraph requirements with the good intentions of helping students elaborate. Rather than demanding more details, I make an effort to help students learn ways to elaborate. In Shelley Kunkle’s short story unit, we’ve taught students to build scenes not with 5 sentence paragraphs, but with snapshots and thought shots (a la Barry Lane), character action, dialogue, object description, character description, flash backs, and incorporating another genre such as a letter or poem. (There’s another post all about how everything from object description on in this list came from students during share sessions.)  They are elaborating with intent and their writing is strong.

Today we talked about paragraphing. Because Shelley and I have extended their repertoire of elaboration tools, students were able to feel the “shift” when it was time to start new paragraphs. I shared my notebook with students, my messy collections of words, and asked students to notice the way I use paragraphs, even in my private notebook writing. It’s a habit I’ve established and a habit I hope for students. Today they were intentional about using paragraphs as they drafted.

In another post, I hope to reflect on the way paragraphing decisions influences my revision work much more than my editing process. But that will have to wait for another day. Until then, thank you for joining this conversation and pushing my thinking when it comes to conventions in writing workshop.

Ruth Ayres View All

Unhurried. Finding the magic in the middle of living. Capturing a life of ridiculous grace + raw stories.

7 thoughts on “Paragraphs — Part II Leave a comment

  1. Excuse me while I totally “geek out” — my favorite blog for writer’s workshop quoted me. And, gshared a fantastic chart that I can share with my students next week! I love today! Anyway, thank you and thank you for all you do!


  2. Or how about my very favorite… “How many sentences/paragraphs does my story have to be?” (GROAN). Super glad I ‘stumbled’ upon this blog so I can share some new thinking with my struggling middle school writers who never “…have anything to write about,” and just want to know how much until they can be done.


  3. Love the chart and everyones answers. It created a great discussion with my writer husband on the way home from dinner out. So much discussion we missed our turn and had to go around the block to get back on track. This is a great question.


  4. Today my third grader said, “Hey, I just indented without even noticing!” I told him that comes from good practice. Thanks for the community chart. I can’t wait to share this with my students. I think it is important for reasons beyond good teaching. It shows how good teachers think about good teaching even in their pajamas.


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