How do your students learn?
As a mother of four daughters, I have been able to watch and consider the different ways my girls experience the world and integrate information. Larkin is a talker, and she makes sense of new concepts and finds her creativity through conversations and collaborations. Julia tends to find inspiration in quieter spaces, while Clare listens to music, and Cecily draws.
Howard Gardner, a Harvard University researcher, identified seven distinct intelligences (Gardner, 1991). According to his theory, we are all able to know and understand the world through different intelligences, but we have differences in the strengths of these intelligences. Therefore, the more that we understand the distinctive characteristics of the intelligences, the better we can recognize ways to differentiate for learners, honoring the spectrum of learning styles that exist in not only our classrooms, but also our world.
Kelsey Corter and I have been collaborating about ways to incorporate various intelligences into our planning and instruction. We developed the following chart with inspiration and adaptations from: http://tecweb.org/styles/gardner.html
When we consider our students’ learning strengths, we are empowered with ways to teach them more effectively. For example, if we know we have some students who are musically oriented, we might offer them headsets to listen to music as they write. (For other students, music might be distracting and detrimental!) Our kinesthetic learners might benefit from acting out a story before writing it, and we can structure small groups of these students to act their stories out together. Kelsey and I developed the following chart that enumerates some strategies that could benefit various types of learners. We’d welcome any additional ideas!
We have so many things to know and consider as we work with our young writers. My daughters appreciate knowing and understanding their learning strengths, and I’m sure most students will, as well.